Integrating design strategies to create innovative links
Design …. can mean (1) the result of a design process, i.e. a compositional assembly, or (2) the design process itself, which involves integrating design strategies to find novel connections and relations for linking elements or parts of a whole by means of creative judgment (see previous blog post). In practice, a compositional assembly does not exemplify an absolute, perfect solution, but rather a particular, adequate holistic outcome, which emphasizes the performance of the whole rather than that of the constituent parts. A design should display emergent, systemic qualities as well as integrity, which it derives from the substance provided by the constituent parts.
Three main steps Design involves three main steps: (1) emersion of the ‘parti’, an architectural term meaning a sketch of the main, formative ideal of the design; (2) the development of possible schemas for the design; and (3) the concluding compositional phase, which finalizes the design. The parti needs some sort of crucible and a spirit of good design to emerge. It also must be somewhat tentative and vague to allow enough latitude for step 2, while it must be clear enough to engender schema development. In the end, the parti must be recognizable in the design. Schema development may consider multiple schemas in a setting of participatory iteration. The quality of the final design depends on the skills, character, and tools of the designer applied during the concluding compositional phase.
Potential and appearance Apart from quality, design has two other key characteristics: appearance and actual potential. A design must have the potential to match a client’s desires, and the more of this potential can be realized the better. The other characteristic, appearance, is important because it can give a sense of wholeness and comprehensibility, even to someone who does not know all the intricacies of the design in question. In fact, many designs are so intricate that it is impossible to tell how and why the design took place. Appearance comes in four ‘layers’: style or fashion, nature, character, and soul. It depends on the design which ones are important.
P.S. It is particularly noteworthy that systemics (=systems thinking) is considered by Nelson and Stolterman to be the essential intellectual foundation of design (TDW, p. 167).